Nepal at Glance

Total Area of Nepal
Total: 147,181 sq. km
Area of Land: 143, 151 sq. km
Area of Water: 4,000 sq. km
Total Population: 29.8 million (UN, 2010)
Capital city: Kathmandu

Geographical scene
Nepal is acknowledged as land-locked country where you will find it bordering with China (north) and enclosed by India (east, south and west). Despite of being the small nation in the geographical scenario it holds 10 of the elevated peaks of the world starting from Mt. Everest (1st) and Kanchenjunga (3rd).

Language
The national language of Nepal is Nepal but there exist hundreds of vernacular ethnic languages used by different people according to their caste and ethnicity. At present people have understood and speak English language as well.

Climate
There are mainly 4 core seasons in Nepal which is popularly known as summer (June to Aug), winter (Dec to Feb), autumn (Sep to Nov) and spring (March to May). Every season has its own peculiar characteristics but if you wish you can plan Nepal trip throughout the year.  

People and Religion
Moving into the section of People and Religion, Nepalese are primarily divided into 2 visible groups and they are the Indo-Aryans and the Mangoloids who are also known as the Kirats. Earlier than 2007 AD, Nepal was considered as the sole Hindu Kingdom in the entire world. Later the Government of Nepal has by now make known Nepal as the secular nation. Being the Hindu nation it is the birth place of Siddhartha Gautam Buddha, the light of Asia. As a result the temple of Hindu and shrines of Buddhist are to be found all through the nation. Likewise, Hindus, Buddhists, Muslims and Christians are staying together with harmony and celebrate each other’s major festival with great respect.
 
Currency and Foreign exchange
Nepali Rupee notes can be seen from Rs. 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 500, 1000 denominations. Coins come in Rs. 1, 2, 5 and 10 denominations.
Please remember foreign currencies are exchanged only via banks or any certified money exchangers. So, you should keep the receipts of such transaction as attained and preserved. Upon your arrival you can exchange foreign currency at the foreign exchange counter. In hotel, trekking agencies or travel agencies and for air tickets Indian nationals have to make the expense in foreign currency (non-Indian currency).

Life expectancy
68 years (men), 70 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit
1 Nepalese rupee = 100 paisa

Main exports
From Nepal the things like Carpets, Leather products, Jute and even clothing are exported
GNI per capita
US $480 (World Bank, 2010)
Internet domain
.np
International dialing code
+977

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